Black history and culture is such a part of the American fabric -- and the school curriculum -- that it's difficult to imagine a time when that wasn't so. Established as Negro History Week in the 1920s by Carter G. Woodson, February was chosen for the celebration because Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln were born in this month. Extended to a month-long celebration in 1976, Black History Month is an opportunity to emphasize the history and achievements of African Americans.
A Black History Treasure Hunt
Students learn about famous black Americans while polishing their Internet surfing skills. Four different hunts -- for students of all ages. Student work sheets included.
Five Lessons in Black History
Primary source materials teach about Rosa Parks, school integration, and the growth of the African-American population throughout history. Plus: Students create a database/timeline and write a rap about a famous figure in Black History. More!
Lessons to Celebrate Black History Month
Ten innovative activities to help you incorporate the African-American experience into your curriculum all year long.
Langston Hughes Was a Dreamer Too
Learn how Langston Hughes expressed his dreams through poetry. (Grades 2-12)
Now Let Me Fly -- A Black History Reader's Theater Script
Celebrate Black History Month by staging a classroom production of this play. (Grades 3-12)
Activities Celebrate Achievements of African Americans
Activities that reflect the positive impact black Americans have had on our nation's history. Included: Internet-based activities to celebrate Black History Month.
The Road to Freedom: Using the WWW to Teach About Slavery
These activities will help students trace the journey to freedom and learn about some of the heroes who paved the way. Included: Activities for teaching about slavery across the grades and the curriculum.
Climb Aboard the Underground Railroad T.O.U.R.
An online project for those studying the Underground Railroad. Project coordinators say, "Climb aboard!" You will share, learn, and uncover a bit of America's lost past.
Celebrating African American History Month
Lesson plans to encourage students to explore the history of African Americans, learn about their struggles, and celebrate their successes.
Brown v. Board of Education Celebrates 50 Years
On the fiftieth anniversary of the Supreme Court's decision in the case of Brown v. Board of Education, Education World offers this special lesson planning resource. Included: Links to more than 3 dozen lessons.
An Experiment in Unfair Treatment/Prejudice
Pauline Finlay, who teaches at Holy Trinity Elementary School in Torbay, Newfoundland (Canada), submitted this lesson, which offers a simple experiment to help launch a discussion of unfair treatment and prejudice/bias. (Grades 3-12)
The African American Experience: A Research Quilt
Introduce students to the research process as they construct a quilt square highlighting the achievements of a famous Black American. Share the quilt with your community.
A Mirror Into History
Students create poems about themselves and a famous African American. They will see that they are not so different from the great people of our past and present.
Famous African-American Fabric Portraits
Doris Metcalf, who recently retired from the Florence (Alabama) City Schools, submitted this lesson, in which students create a fabric-portrait exhibit of famous African Americans. (Grades 6-12)
The Amistad Comes to Life!
Activities across the grades and across the curriculum bring to life the story of the revolt on the Amistad.
Habari Gani? -- What's the News?
Learn about Kwanzaa, the world's fastest growing holiday, with these activities and Internet links.
Martin Luther King
Education World presents a special Martin Luther King Day archive page that includes articles, lesson ideas, books, activities, and much more.
February is Black History Month, a time when communities and schools give special attention to learning about the contributions and history of African Americans. We've gathered some great resources you can share with kids in your classrooms and at home in February — and throughout the year.
Find information about:
Writers, illustrators, and storytellers
Video interviews with children's book authors and illustrators
Watch Reading Rockets' interviews with celebrated African American children's book authors and illustrators, and children's literature historian, Leonard Marcus, who talks about the history of multicultural children's books in the U.S. from the 1960s onward.
Watch full interviews with these award-winning authors and illustrators:
Celebrating Black History Month with Poetry
On her Poetry for Children website, Sylvia Vardell showcases wonderful poetry created by African American poets who write for young people, including Marilyn Nelson, Nikki Giovanni, Carole Boston Weatherford, Nikki Grimes, Ashley Bryan, Charles R. Smith, Jacqueline Woodson, Walter Dean Myers, Kwame Alexander, Eloise Greenfield, Maya Angelou, and others.
Black History Month from Poets.org
To celebrate Black History Month in February — and the rich tradition of African American poetry all year long — browse essays on literary milestones and movements, find important books on black history and poetics, look for lesson plans for Black History Month, read archival letters from classic African American poets, and search poems about the African American experience by both classic and contemporary poets.
12 Poems to Read for Black History Month (Poets.org)
The Academy of American Poets asked twelve contemporary black poets from across the country to choose one poem that should be read this month and to tell listeners a bit about why. In this collection, you'll hear Pulitzer Prize winning poet Gwendolyn Brooks read her famous poem "We Real Cool" — one of the many poems she wrote about African American life in the city.
Celebrating Black History Month (Poetry Foundation)
Poems, articles, and podcasts that explore African American history and culture. Discover poems from Langston Hughes, Nikki Giovanni, Maya Angelou, Rita Dove, Gwendolyn Brooks, and many others.
A Griot (pronounced gree-oh) is a storyteller, a position of honor in West African tradition, who hands down family and community history from one generation to the next. StoryCorps Griot is an initiative to ensure that the voices, experiences, and life stories of African Americans will be preserved and presented with dignity. The Griot Initiative also documents the varied voices of people with roots in the African Diaspora living in the United States. Griot recordings are archived at the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.
Browse the booklists below, or find more great titles related to African American history and culture in our Book Finder tool.
Activities for the classroom, home, and the community
Do's and Don'ts of Teaching Black History (Southern Poverty Law Center, Teaching Tolerance)
Here are some suggestions to ensure students get the most out of black history and Black History Month. Number 1: Incorporate black history year-round,not just in February. Use the month of February to dig deeper into history and make connections with the past.
The National African American Read-In (NCTE)
The National Council of Teachers of English asks schools, churches, libraries, bookstores, community and professional organizations, and interested citizens to make literacy a significant part of Black History Month by hosting and coordinating Read-Ins in their communities. Find more ideas for Read-In activities from ReadWriteThink.
National Museum of African American History & Culture
Browse the rich online resources of this new national museum located on the Mall in Washington, D.C. Learn about significant moments in African American history, culture, and community — as well as the people who helped shape this history. The website also offers educator, family, and student resources. Collection Stories invites NMAAHC staff to share their interpretation of the collections they find most powerful. Protecting Family History and Looking at Photographs lesson plans show kids how to protect family history and artifacts the way museums do and teach how to analyze and "read" photographs.
The Underground Railroad (National Geographic)
Take an interactive journey on the Underground Railroad and learn more about the "faces of freedom" — including Frederick Douglass and lesser-known activists like Jermain Loguen and William Still. This new site also includes a timeline, maps about the Underground Railroad, and more teaching resources.
African American History Month for Teachers (Library of Congress)
Put the power of primary sources to work in the classroom. Browse ready-to-use lesson plans, student activities, collection guides, and research aids.
Black History Teaching Resources (Smithsonian Institution)
Collection includes reading lists for young people, lessons about African American artists, writers, and pioneering aviators, a virtual history tour, videos — and music, and spoken-word recordings (along with lesson plans) from the Smithsonian Folkways archive.
EDSITEment's Guide to Black History Month Teaching Resources (National Edowment for the Humanities)
Multimedia resources to help understand the more than 400 year long history of African Americans, and investigate more deeply the struggles, challenges and achievements of African Americans. Resources are arranged cronologically.
Celebrate Black History Month (New York Times Learning Network)
Open access to historic front pages, news stories, lesson plans, and much more.
Black History Past and Present (Middle Web)
An updated roundup of online resources related to important moments in the history of African Americans; teaching materials from the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian and other federal agencies; literacy resources; African Americans in the sciences; and more.
Embracing Black History (PBS Parents)
Browse this collection of booklists and activities that celebrate culture and family and teach diversity — such as growing a family tree, planning a family reunion, or making African vegetable stew with Maya and Miguel.
Celebrate African American Heritage (Scholastic)
This website offers a comprehensive collection of classroom resources including lesson plans, book excerpts, author interviews, information about civil rights leaders, scientists, explorers, musicians, athletes, and little-known African Americans innovators and achievers.
Culture & Change: Black History in America (Scholastic)
Meet famous African Americans, listen to jazz music, publish your own writing, and explore history with the interactive timeline.
Best Websites to Teach and Learn About African-American History (Education Week)
A rich collection of online sources for teachers, from Larry Ferlazzo.
Writing activities from Reading Rockets
Writing prompts inspired by James Ransome
Quilts are a recurring theme in Ransome's books, from a charming folk art ABCs (Quilt Alphabet) to the story of an African American girl's escape from slavery (Sweet Clara and the Freedom Quilt). Imagine a quilt that tells your family's story. What colors, patterns, and images would it have, and why? Ransome is also deeply interested in folktales, particularly African American stories and their origins in African storytelling traditions. In A Pride of African Tales, Ransome contributes richly colored watercolors to illustrate a classic trickster tale, cautionary tale, fable, pourquoi story, and more. Try writing your own pourquoi story, explaining to your friends how your animal got to be the way it is today. Let your imagination go wild!
Writing prompts inspired by Patricia and Fredrick McKissack
In their award-winning folktale collection, The Dark-Thirty: Southern Tales of the Supernatural, McKissack's have written creepy ghost stories and legends to give you a chill. Dark-Thirty is that time just before dark, when it's neither day nor night and mystery lurks in the shadows. Write a story set at dark-thirty that will give us all a good scare.
Children can learn about family heritage at the same time they are improving their literacy skills. Using family-based writing projects, you can build a connection with parents, and help children see the value in their own heritage and in the diversity around them.
Literacy activities can take on a new meaning when students are reading and writing about their own community. Children learn the true value of print when they document the oral histories of the elders in their town.
People and events
Black History Month (Time for Kids)
Meet the black leaders who inspire some of today’s African American leaders, read an interview with one of the original Tuskegee Airmen (and learn about the movie Red Tails), discover African American inventors whose inventions are part of everyday life, and much more in this multimedia site.
Rosa Parks Bus (Henry Ford Museum)
Learn more about Rosa Parks and her brave actions on December 1, 1955, the story behind the bus, and a chronology of the Civil Rights movement.
Black History and the Postal Service (National Postal Museum)
Learn all about the black experience through the lens of American postage stamps. Find out about the 1940 Booker T. Washington stamp, the Negro Baseball League stamps, letter writing during the Great Migration, the history of African American postal workers, and more.
Famous African Americans
Find out more about African Americans who have changed history, achieved greatness, and made a significant mark on our culture, including Julian Bond, Medgar Evers, Mae Jemison, Lorraine Hansberry, Zora Neale Thurston, Mahalia Jackson, Spike Lee, Tyler Perry, Mos Def, Serena Williams, Muhammad Ali, and many others.
Meet Amazing Americans (Library of Congress)
A great introduction to famous Americans, this website offers energetically written stories about Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. DuBois, and Duke Ellington among others.
Celebrate Black History Month (The History Channel)
This multimedia site includes a brief overview of the civil rights struggle, biographies of key players, and video clips of Martin Luther King, Jr., Muhammad Ali, and other famous Americans.
African-American Negro Baseball League
Are you a baseball fan? Visit the website for the African-American Negro Baseball League Museum to learn about the league's history, players, and teams.
African American Achievements in Film and TV (DirectstarTV)
An interactive timeline celebrating of the achievements of African American directors, writers, actors, producers, and more.
Online guides to African American history
African American History Resources (Library of Congress)
Celebrate the contributions of African Americans throughout U.S. history. Learn about Harriet Tubman, John Hope Franklin, the Tuskegee Airmen, African Americans in the military, African American band music and recordings, and the Emancipation Proclamation. Find a number of primary documents and resources for teachers.
African American Odyssey (Library of Congress)
This site showcases the African American collections of the Library of Congress. Displaying more than 240 items, including books, government documents, manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays, films, and recordings, this is the largest black history exhibit ever held at the Library of Congress.
Guide to Black History (Encyclopedia Brittanica)
This site includes an extensive timeline, audio and video clips, and biographies.
PBS television programs
The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross
This Emmy Award-winning series premiered in 2013 and looks at more than just Black history, it explores Black identity and what it means to be an African American in the U.S. today. Unveiling different religious and social perspectives, a multiplicity of cultural perspectives, and the evolution of the African American people, this series spans five hundred years and two continents as Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr. takes viewers on a journey of the Black experience throughout the United States.
Slavery By Another Name
Did Slavery really end with the Civil War? This 90-minute documentary explores how in the years following the Emancipation Proclamation, systematic approaches were taken to re-enslave newly freed Blacks in the United States. This system included new brutal methods of forced labor in which men were arrested and forced to work without pay, bought and sold, and coerced to do the bidding of masters.
Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson
Jack Johnson — the first African-American Heavyweight Champion of the World, whose dominance over his white opponents spurred furious debates and race riots in the early 20th century — enters the ring once again in this PBS documentary by acclaimed filmmaker Ken Burns. The website includes a teacher's guide.
Slavery and the Making of America
The first slaves were bought in 1619, the last freed in 1865. In the intervening 250 years, slaves labored to make America what it is today. This television series was produced by WNET. The website includes a K-12 Learning section.
This program, part of the American Experience series on PBS, pushes past the myths that have obscured Martin Luther King's story to reclaim the history of a people's leader. Using the personal recollections, diaries, letters, and eyewitness accounts of friends, family, journalists, law enforcement officers and historians, this film brings fresh insights to King's difficult journey, his charismatic — if at times flawed — leadership, and his truly remarkable impact. The website includes a teacher's guide.
Eyes on the Prize
The landmark documentary series. Through contemporary interviews and historical footage, the series covers all of the major events of the civil rights movement from 1954 to 1985. On the extensive website you'll find a wealth of ideas for classroom activities at different grade levels.